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Ultimate Guide to Effective Prompt Engineering
Image captioning is the task of generating a textual description of an image or a prompt to the AI image generator. The following is an example of a prompt that can be used to create a caption:
The images created by Dall-E:
Language models can be trained to generate quick and easy-to-read summaries. Using prompts, you can instruct the model to summarize text into one sentence, which can be helpful for quickly getting the main points.
Named Entity Recognition
Named entity recognition is identifying and classifying named entities in text. The following is an example of a prompt that can be used to perform named entity recognition:
Prompt engineering is an interesting approach to instruct the LLM system on its behavior, intent, and identity, especially when developing conversational systems such as customer service chatbots, where you can use role prompting to generate more technical or accessible responses depending on the user's needs.
For example, you can create an AI research assistant with a technical and scientific tone that answers questions like a researcher or with a more accessible style that even primary school students can understand, as shown in the two prompts below:
The keyword extraction chatbot function helps identify and extract relevant keywords or key phrases from user input. It enables the chatbot to understand the main topics or themes of the user's message and provide more targeted and accurate responses.
This feature can be used with SEO experts, but the accuracy may be compromised as many language models cannot get data from certain services like Google Ads.
However, Sepstat can do it more precisely, using settings inside the AI Keyword extraction tool and GPT Plugin.
Keyword extraction in Serpstat
The Serpstat plugin for GPTChat empowers you to gain deep insights into keywords and competing domains. Its features are particularly effective in discovering related keywords, enabling you to comprehend what people are searching for and how you can optimize your content to better align with their needs.
Using the Serpstat plugin is a straightforward process:
- Step 1: Identify a keyword relevant to your website or your content. This can be "Local SEO."
- Step 2: Use the two-letter country code associated with your target audience in the prompt. For instance, if you target individuals in the United States, the country code would be "US."
- Step 3: Armed with your keyword and country code, employ the plugin by issuing a command such as: "Collect keywords for "Local SEO", US. Show keywords with SEO metrics in a table format."
- Step 4: The plugin will furnish you with related keywords. These keywords represent the terms people commonly use when searching for your selected keyword. You can optimize your content to enhance its discoverability and relevance or use it in a content brief by leveraging these insights.
Final thoughts [+Infographics]
Prompt engineering is a technique used to improve the performance and safety of large language models by designing prompt elements and using prompting techniques such as zero-shot, few-shot, and chain-of-thought prompting.
It can be used to build new capabilities and be applied in various fields. Prompt engineering can transform how we interact with LLMs and improve our ability to solve complex problems. Use our Cheat Sheet to follow the basic concepts, working with prompts:
Prompt engineering requires proficiency in natural language processing, machine learning, and programming skills in Python, TensorFlow, etc. Familiarity with data structures, algorithms, data cleaning, and preprocessing is essential. Additionally, understanding the tasks for which the LLM is being trained, such as sentiment analysis or text summarization, is necessary. Strong communication skills are also vital since prompt engineering often requires team collaboration.
Additionally, having a good understanding of the domain you are working with and the target audience is essential to create effective prompts.
Prompt engineering can improve the capacity of LLMs by providing them with specific input-output pairs that guide them to produce desired outputs accurately and efficiently. Zero-shot prompting, few-shot prompting, chain-of-thought prompting, self-consistency generate knowledge prompting, active-prompt directional stimulus prompting, and multimodal graph prompting are some techniques used in prompt engineering. These techniques enable LLMs to learn from limited training data, produce novel outputs, and generalize to new tasks.
Automatic prompt engineering is a technique used to minimize the risk of harmful or biased outcomes by providing prompts that encourage the LLM to produce ethical and inclusive outputs. Additionally, prompt engineering can build new capabilities by delivering the LLM with new types of input data or creating prompts that encourage the model to learn new skills.
Here are some examples:
It's essential to use prompt engineering responsibly and carefully, considering the potential risks and taking steps to mitigate them, using, for example, an adversarial promoting technique.
- Tools:1.Hugging Face Transformers: a Python library that provides easy-to-use interfaces to many pre-trained language models, including GPT-3.2.OpenAI Playground: To understand how AI models react, try your prompts on OpenAI Playground. It's a customizable AI bot. Unlike the more popular ChatGPT, it lets you adjust the key parameters that affect output generation.3.Playground AI: If you're studying AI art, try Playground AI. The platform enables you to generate 1,000 images with Stable Diffusion 1.5, Stable Diffusion 2.1, and Playground V1 daily. You can also adjust output parameters, e.g., prompt guidance and seed.4.GitHub: You can expand your knowledge of AI by studying various resources, but you could also focus on writing prompts. There are several unique, effective ChatGPT prompts on GitHub. Search whatever task you want—you'll likely find a few formulas showing you how to execute it.
- Datasets:1.Pile: a large and diverse dataset containing over 800GB of text from various sources, designed to train and evaluate language models.2.LAMBADA: a dataset that assesses the ability of language models to predict missing words in a passage, requiring them to have a good understanding of context.3.SuperGLUE: a collection of diverse natural language understanding tasks designed to evaluate the performance of language models.
- Additional Readings:1."Prompt Engineering for Large Language Models" by He He and Percy Liang, arXiv, January 2022.2."Engineering Language Models for Long-Form Content" by Alec Radford, Jack Wender, and Wojciech Zaremba, OpenAI Blog, November 2020.3."GPT-3: Language Models are Few-Shot Learners" by Tom B. Brown et al., arXiv, May 2020.4."Program-Aided Language Modeling: A Framework for Building Language Models for Programming" by Jacob Devlin et al., arXiv, September 2021.
- Sources to learn more about prompt engineering:1."The GPT-3 AI-Language Model: What Is It, And Why Is It Revolutionizing AI?" by Bernard Marr, Forbes, August 2020.2."Prompt Engineering for Large Language Models" by He He and Percy Liang, arXiv, January 2022.3."Engineering Language Models for Long-Form Content" by Alec Radford, Jack Wender, and Wojciech Zaremba, OpenAI Blog, November 2020.4."Language Models are Few-Shot Learners" by Tom B. Brown et al., arXiv, May 2020.5."LLaMA: Label-Agnostic Meta-Learning Approach for Few-Shot Text Classification" by Ye Zhang et al., arXiv, December 2020.
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